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          基礎能力第六級 Day 1: Lesson 81 Escape


          (講義為知識點講解的框架,并非全部內容,全部內容見音頻講解)


          一、詞匯部分

          1)  prisoner /?pr?z.?n.?/ n. 囚犯

          擴展:prison/send someone to prison/throw someone to prison

          擴展:behind bars

          例句:I hear Mike's uncle is behind bars again

          六-1

          2) bush/b??/ n. 灌木叢

          搭配:beat around the bush


          3) rapidly/?r?p.?d/ adv. 迅速地


          4) uniform/?ju?.n?.f??rm/ n. 制服

          助記:uni-單一+ form 形式;


          5) rifle/?ra?.f?l/ n. 來福槍,步槍


          6) shoulder/??o?l.d?/ n.

          擴展:shoulder one's responsibility 肩負責任

          擴展:give someone a cold shoulder 對某人很冷漠


          7) march/mɑ?rt?/ v. 行進

          擴展:March march聯系


          8)  boldly/bo?ld/ adv. 大膽地

          1)      a bold move

          The newspapers described her resignation as a bold move.

          2)      a bold step

          The following year he made a bold step to expand his business.

          3)      a bold attempt

          It was a bold attempt to win back public confidence.

          4)      a bold statement/assertion/claim

          In a surprisingly bold statement, the couple said they had no intention ofmarrying.

          5)      a bold decision

          Deciding to emigrate is a bold decision for anyone to make.

          6)      a bold experiment

          Making a film from the book was a bold experiment, and it worked.


          9)  blaze/ble?z/ v. 閃耀


          10) salute/s??lu?t/ v. 行禮

          六-2

          11) elderly/?el.d?.li/ adj. 上了年紀的


          12) grey/ɡre?/ adj. 灰白的


          13) sharp/?ɑ?rp/ adj. 猛烈的

          擴展:Sharp 時髦的;sharp整;Let's meet at 10 o'clock sharp.


          14) blow/blo?/ n. 打擊

           

          文章講解

           

          When he had killed the guard, the prisoner of war quickly dragged him into the bushes. Working rapidly in the darkness, he soon changed into the dead man's clothes. Now, dressed in a blue uniform and with a rifle over his shoulder, the prisoner marched boldly up and down in front of the camp. He could hear shouting in the camp itself. Lights were blazing and men were running here and there: they had just discovered that a prisoner had escaped. At that moment, a large black car with four officers inside it, stopped at the camp gates. The officers got out and the prisoner stood to attention and saluted as they passed. When they had gone, the driver of the car came towards him. The man obviously wanted to talk. He was rather elderly with grey hair and clear blue eyes. The prisoner felt sorry for him, but there was nothing else he could do. As the man came near, the prisoner knocked him to the ground with a sharp blow. Then, jumping into the car, he drove off as quickly as he could.

           

          文章精講:

           

          1.When he had killed the guard, the prisoner of war quickly dragged him into the bushes. Working rapidly in the darkness, he soon changed into the dead man's clothes.

          1)知識點1:


             過去完成時:had done

          No sooner…than…./ hardly …..when ….….

           

          例:Hardly had I got to the bus stop when the bus started.
          例:No sooner had I got to the bus stop than the bus started.

           

          No sooner….than…..

          例:He had no sooner returned than he bought a house.
          他一回來就買了一套房子。

          如果no sooner 位于句首,主句要用倒裝結構。

          例:No sooner had he arrived than he went away again.
          他剛到就又走了。
          例:No sooner had the game started  than it began to rain heavily.
          運動會剛開始,天就下起了大雨。


          hardlywhen...

          例:He had hardly finished the article when the light went out.
          他剛寫完文,燈就熄了。
          例:He had hardly had time to settle down when he sold the house.
          他還未安頓下來,就賣掉了那所房子。

          如果把hardly放于句首,主句要用倒裝結構即謂語動詞要提前。
          例:Hardly had I finished eating when he came in.
          我剛吃完他就進來了。
          例:Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.
          她還沒走出家門,就有一個學生來看望她。

           

             虛擬語氣中也會出現過去完成時-對過去的虛擬:If had done, would/could/should/might + have done

           

          (專四考題)If only the patient __a different treatment instead of using the antibiotics, he might still be alive now.

          A. had received                           B. received

          C. should receive                         D. were  receiving

           


          2)知識點2:非謂語動詞作狀語

             具體形式:Doing something,主句。

           

          第一:doing something 表示主動;

          第二:doing something 的邏輯主語是后面句子的主語。

           

          Work 用法小總結:

             get off work

             It's not gonna work

             work out

             work my butt off

             He's so worked up他很生氣

             on my way to work


          Clothes Vocabulary

           

          六-3

           

          課后題-下課講

           

          1. _______ regular training in nursing, she could hardly cope with the work at first.1994

          A. Not received  B. Since receiving 

          C. Having received  D. Not having received

           

          2. _________ their luggage , the group of tourists hurried to the airport.1991

          A. Packed  B. After packed  C. Finished packing  D. Having packed

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